Old Town was the original place of settlement in Prague. In the 14th century, Charles IV expanded the city by founding the New Town. The two parts are separated by Na Příkopě street.
Notable places in the Old Town include the Old Town Square or Astronomical Clock. Across the river Vltava is the Lesser Town, called Malá Strana in Czech. These two parts of the town are connected by Charles Bridge.From its early existence, approximately around 9th century Old Town (Staré Město) was laid out of settlements which appeared from the spacious marketplace of the bank of Vltava. The records dated back to 1100 indicate that every Saturday there was a market on the marketplace, and the large military gatherings also took place there. Thanks to the trade the nearby area merchants became rich, and when the King Vaclav 1 gave them the privileges of town, the town of Mesto Prazske (the town of Prague) was formed. According to ancient records, the city had around 13 gates, and a huge water-fence, providing strong defenses.
The Old Town today provides as a place of celebration for festivals in the Czech Republic. Events such as Christmas
Markets and New Year’s Celebrations take place in theOld Town Square. The Old Town was originally the only place of settlement in Prague, until the 14th century when the New Town was founded. The Old Town and New Town are divided by Na Příkopě street. There are many places of interest in the Old Town, such as, theOld Town Square or the Astronomical Clock, as well as many Palaces, and Churches.
The Old Town dates back to around the 9th century. In the those days it was as much as a marketplace as it was for living. Records that date back to 1100, tell us that on every Saturday the Old Town was filled with merchants. When King Vaclav I gave the merchants the privileges of residents the city of Prague was found.