The Czech Republic is situated in Central Europe. It lies between 48 degrees, 33 minutes, 9 seconds and 51 degrees, 3 minutes and 22 seconds in the northern latitude and between 12 degrees, 5 minutes, 33 seconds and 18 degrees, 51 minutes, 40 seconds in the eastern longitude. The country’s longest distance from east to west is 493 km, and its longest distance from north to south is 278 km. In terms of size, the Czech Republic is 21st in Europe. The Czech Republic shares its borders with Germany, Austria, Slovakia and Poland. Its average elevation above sea level is 430 metres.
The Czech Republic is an important tourist destination. It offers visitors not only a multitude of historical landmarks but also diverse natural sites: mountains, ponds, caves and spas with mineral springs. The capital city of Prague is one of the most beautiful cities in the world, with unforgettable atmosphere of a metropolis whose history spans a millennium. Other regions of the country, not just the capital, also offer countless museums, galleries and landmarks.
The Czech Republic and its capital offer many protected cultural monuments, cities and villages. Some of them are on the UNESCO list of world cultural and natural heritage sites: in addition to Prague’s historic centre, there are also Český Krumlov, Telč, Kutná Hora, the pilgrimage church of Saint John Nepomuk at Zelená hora, the Lednice-Valtice cultural landscape, the gardens and castle in Kroměříž, the south Bohemian village of Holašovice, Litomyšl – Renaissance castle and historic city centre, Olomouc – Holy Trinity Column, Brno – villa Tugendhat, Třebíč – Jewish Quarter and St Procopius Basilica.
Founded: 1 January 1993 (following the split of Czechoslovakia)
According to Article 1 of the Czech Constitution, the Czech Republic is a sovereign, unified, democratic, constitutional state, founded on the respect of the rights and freedoms of its people and citizens.
Population: 10 538 275
Population density: 133 people per square km
Nationalities: 81.1% Czech, 13.2% Moravian, 0.4% Silesian (totalling 94.7%), 0.5% German, 3.1% Slovak, 0.3% Romanies, 0.6% Polish, 0.2% other.
Total area: 78,866 square km
For more information about Czech Republic visit: www.czechtourism.com